Elective pay allows applicable entities, including tax-exempt and governmental entities that would otherwise be unable to claim certain credits because they do not owe federal income tax, to benefit from some clean energy tax credits. By choosing this election, the amount of the credit is treated as a payment of tax and any overpayment will result in a refund.
Applicable entity eligibility
Applicable entities can use elective pay. Applicable entities include:
- Tax-exempt organizations such as public charities, private foundations, social welfare organizations, labor organizations, business leagues and others
- States and political subdivisions such as local governments or Indian tribal governments
- U.S. territories and their political subdivisions
- Agencies and instrumentalities of state, local, tribal and U.S. territorial governments
- Alaska Native corporations
- The Tennessee Valley Authority
- Rural electric cooperatives
How to receive the elective payment
For an eligible entity to receive an elective payment, they need to take the following steps:
- Identify the project or activity they are pursuing and satisfy all requirements for the applicable credit.
- Determine the correct tax year, which determines the due date of the tax return.
- Complete the pre-filing registration process with the IRS. More information about this process will be available later in 2023.
After the pre-filing registration process is complete and the requirements for the applicable credit have been satisfied, the eligible entity can claim and receive an elective payment by choosing the election on their annual tax return along with any form required to claim the relevant tax credit. Applicable entities need their own Employee Identification Number (EIN) or Tax Identification Number (TIN) to complete the pre-filing registration process. Applicable entities that don’t otherwise have a filing requirement cannot use or borrow the EIN of a related entity.
- Production Tax Credit for Electricity from Renewables
- Clean Electricity Production Tax Credit
- Investment Tax Credit for Energy Property
- Clean Electricity Investment Tax Credit
- Low-Income Communities Bonus Credit
- Credit for Carbon Oxide Sequestration
- Zero-Emission Nuclear Power Production Credit
- Advanced Energy Project Credit
- Advanced Manufacturing Production Credit
- Credit for Qualified Commercial Clean Vehicles
- Alternative Fuel Vehicle Refueling Property Credit
- Clean Hydrogen Production Tax Credit
- Clean Fuel Production Credit